There is plenty in our history that we cannot be proud of, especially when it comes to race. But that doesn't mean we should forget that part of our history. Remember what Edmund Burke said, "those who don't know history are doomed to repeat it." And one person from our past is someone who deserves to be remembered, Hattie McDaniel, the first African American actor to win an Academy Award.
McDaniel was an amazing woman, born in Wichita, Kansas, in 1893 to former saves, was the youngest of thirteen children. She acted in over 300 films but only received a screen credit for 83. She was also the first African American woman to sing on the radio. In 1975, she was inducted into the Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame and became the first Black Academy Award winner to be honored with a United States postage stamp. But what Hattie McDaniel is most remembered for is her role as "Mammy" in Gone with the Wind, the epic Civil War film made in 1939.
It was for this role that McDaniel won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, beating out Olivia de Havilland, also nominated for her role in the film. The African American community wasn't necessarily happy with the film, many complained that it glorified slavery, but others embraced McDaniel's performance. The film made its premiere in Atlanta, Georgia, on December 15, 1939. David O. Selznick asked that McDaniel be permitted to attend, but MGM advised him not to ask because of Georgia's segregation laws. Clark Gable planned to boycott the premiere unless McDaniel was allowed to attend, but McDaniel convinced him to go anyway.
If that wasn't enough of an insult, fasten your seatbelts. The Academy Awards that year were held at the Coconut Grove Restaurant of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles (the same hotel that Robert Kennedy would later be assassinated), which had a strict no-Blacks policy. But McDaniel was allowed in as a "favor." Though that favor required her and her escort to sit at a segregated table for two at the far wall of the room; William Meiklejohn, her white agent, sat at the same table.
Since McDaniel won that first Academy Award in 1929, thirty-six other African Americans have won that prestigious award, a meager number considering over 3,000 have been given out at the time we wrote this article. By the way, it was forty-five years after McDaniel's historic win before another African American won. You could probably guess who, yes, SidneyPoitier won for his role in Lilies of the Field. Issac Hayes was the third winner, won for the theme song to the movie Shaft. The second African American woman to win was Whoopi Goldberg. She won in 1990 for Best Supporting Actress inGhosts. Goldberg, of course, did not have to sit in the back of the room.
The first African American to win a Golden Globe was Diahann Carroll. She won for her role in the television series, Julia, in 1969. Carroll did not have to sit in the back of the room at those awards.
This year, another black actress, Cynthia Erivo has been nominated for an Oscar for her role as Harriet in the movie of that same name. Erivo was born fifty-eight years after McDaniel was forced to sit in the back of the room at the Academy Awards. If she wins, it would be nice if Erivo says something about what happened in 1929.
Today, Hattie McDaniel is remembered with two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in Hollywood: one at 6933 Hollywood Boulevard for her contributions to radio and another at 1719 Vine Street for her contributions to film.